5 essential tips on how to avoid contagion

5 essential tips on how to avoid contagion

Article we have published for La gaceta Nautica.

WHO declared the coronavirus outbreak a global pandemic on March 11. Public health has become a huge concern and preventive measures against respiratory diseases have been taken. One of the leading preventive measures is confinement of the population to reduce to the maximum the spread of the disease.

SARS-COV-2 is a type of coronavirus that is transmitted through airflow mainly. It is found in saliva of an infected person, saliva droplets can end up on all kind of places (our clothes, hands, surfaces around us) and the virus is passed on healthy people when it comes into contact with their mucous membranes (eyes, mouth, nose). The infection process will depend on person’s health condition, the condition of their immune system at the moment of contact with the virus and also on viral load.

Our mission is to explain to the public what the preventive measures are and this is why we have written this article, that has been published today in Gazeta Nautica. In the article we explain how to disinfect surfaces properly, how to look after ourselves at home, what to eat and more. Don’t miss it!

There is no vaccine or efficient medicine against the virus yet, and we haven’t got the immunity either. Hence, when having contact with other people basic things are necessary: gloves, masks, quarantine…

It is our responsibility to explain to you how to protect your health and how to prevent this disease. So here are our tips which will help you avoid the contagion.

1. DESINFECTION. The virus can survive on surfaces from hours to days. This depends on the material, temperature and humidity. To get rid of the virus, use an disinfectant, and a disposable cloth. Dissolve 20 ml of bleach in one litre of water. You can also use 62-71% ethanol or 0.5% hydrogen peroxide.

2. WASHING YOUR HANDS. Wash your hands often with water and soap to stay healthy. We recommend using antiseptic, skin-friendly soap with pH slightly acidic. If you are not at home, use hydroalcoholic gel. Lather your hands by rubbing the palms with the soap. Lather backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails and finally rinse them with clean running water.

3. MASKS. They are necessary when a person is showing the symptoms of COVI19, also when a person coughs and sneezes or when a healthy person is in a distance of less than 1 metre from an infected person. Please remember that there are also asymptomatic patients and very often they don’t know they are infected, hence keeping safe distance is crucial. There are 2 types of masks: surgical masks which protect from particles emitted by the wearer, and the wearer is protected from liquid droplets. The second type are FFP masks, also called respiratory protection masks, that serve to protect the wearer from inhaling infectious agents in the from of airborne droplets and other small particles. There is a shortage of masks and their use needs to be reasonable to control their supply. We insist on wearing them only when necessary.

4. AT HOME. Between 78%-85% of contagion occurs among family members. It is recommendable to ventilate your place from 5 to 10 minutes a day. Wash your clothes in temperature from 40 to 60 degrees. Make sure you have thermometer and Paracetamol, for fever and pain.

5. DIET. It is essential to get enough sleep at regular times, keep active within possibilities and eat properly. Follow your circadian rhythm. Make sure that you have a healthy and balanced diet rich in antioxidants. It is important to cook food to high temperature so that any harmful agents that may be present in it are destroyed. When it comes to dietary supplements, we recommend including those micronutrients which boost your immune system such as vitamin C or Zinc, both are antioxidants. Vitamin D3 helps your immune system and respiratory system. Get products that contain echinacea, sauco or cat’s claw plant. It is also worth including beta-glucan which is able to regulate immune system’s response.

Lara Benito. Farmacéutica Adjunta